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  1. Previous studies have demonstrated essential roles for alpha-calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (alpha-CaMKII) in learning, memory and long-term potentiation (LTP). However, previous studies have a...

    Authors: Shunsuke Hasegawa, Takahiro Furuichi, Taro Yoshida, Kengo Endoh, Kenichi Kato, Megumi Sado, Ryouta Maeda, Aya Kitamoto, Takahisa Miyao, Ryosuke Suzuki, Seiichi Homma, Shoichi Masushige, Yasushi Kajii and Satoshi Kida

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2009 2:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Elevated SNCA gene expression and intracellular accumulation of the encoded α-synuclein (aSyn) protein are associated with the development of Parkinson disease (PD). To date, few enzymes have been examined for th...

    Authors: Valerie Cullen, Maria Lindfors, Juliana Ng, Anders Paetau, Erika Swinton, Piotr Kolodziej, Heather Boston, Paul Saftig, John Woulfe, Mel B Feany, Liisa Myllykangas, Michael G Schlossmacher and Jaana Tyynelä

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2009 2:5

    Content type: Research

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  3. Cocaine is a worldwide used drug and its abuse is associated with physical, psychiatric and social problems. The mechanism by which cocaine causes neurological damage is very complex and involves several neuro...

    Authors: Lucilia B Lepsch, Carolina D Munhoz, Elisa M Kawamoto, Lidia M Yshii, Larissa S Lima, Maria F Curi-Boaventura, Thais ML Salgado, Rui Curi, Cleopatra S Planeta and Cristoforo Scavone

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2009 2:3

    Content type: Research

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  4. Mossy fibers, the dentate granule cell axons, are generated throughout an animal's lifetime. Mossy fiber paths and synapses are primarily restricted to the stratum lucidum within the CA3 region. Brain-derived ...

    Authors: Makoto Tamura, Naohiro Tamura, Takamitsu Ikeda, Ryuta Koyama, Yuji Ikegaya, Norio Matsuki and Maki K Yamada

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2009 2:2

    Content type: Research

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  5. Newborn neurons in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampus incorporate into the dentate gyrus and mature. Numerous studies have focused on hippocampal neurogenesis because of its importance in learning a...

    Authors: Hyoung-Gon Ko, Deok-Jin Jang, Junehee Son, Chuljung Kwak, Jun-Hyeok Choi, Young-Hoon Ji, Yun-Sil Lee, Hyeon Son and Bong-Kiun Kaang

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2009 2:1

    Content type: Research

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  6. Adolescence is a vulnerable period in that stress experienced during this time can affect the incidence of psychiatric disorders later, during adulthood. Neurogenesis is known to be involved in the postnatal d...

    Authors: Fumihiko Hayashi, Noriko Takashima, Akiko Murayama and Kaoru Inokuchi

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:22

    Content type: Research

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  7. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) with pathogenic mutations has been found in patients with cognitive disorders. However, little is known about whether pathogenic mtDNA mutations and the resultant mitochondrial respir...

    Authors: Daisuke Tanaka, Kazuto Nakada, Keizo Takao, Emi Ogasawara, Atsuko Kasahara, Akitsugu Sato, Hiromichi Yonekawa, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa and Jun-Ichi Hayashi

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:21

    Content type: Research

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  8. We have previously demonstrated that PDGF receptor activation indirectly inhibits N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) currents by modifying the cytoskeleton. PDGF receptor ligand is also neuroprotective in hippocampal...

    Authors: Michael A Beazely, Manjula Weerapura and John F MacDonald

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:20

    Content type: Research

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  9. Temporal control of brain and behavioral states emerges as a consequence of the interaction between circadian and homeostatic neural circuits. This interaction permits the daily rhythm of sleep and wake, regul...

    Authors: Oliver J Marston, Rhîannan H Williams, Maria M Canal, Rayna E Samuels, Neil Upton and Hugh D Piggins

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:19

    Content type: Research

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  10. α-synuclein (α-syn) is a main component of Lewy bodies (LB) that occur in many neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with LB (DLB) and multi-system atrophy. α-syn mutations o...

    Authors: Liyan Qiao, Shusei Hamamichi, Kim A Caldwell, Guy A Caldwell, Talene A Yacoubian, Scott Wilson, Zuo-Lei Xie, Lisa D Speake, Rachael Parks, Donna Crabtree, Qiuli Liang, Stephen Crimmins, Lonnie Schneider, Yasuo Uchiyama, Takeshi Iwatsubo, Yi Zhou…

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:17

    Content type: Research

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  11. Phenylethanolamines selectively bind to NR2B subunit-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate-subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptors and negatively modulate receptor activity. To investigate the structural and function...

    Authors: Fui-Mee Ng, Matthew T Geballe, James P Snyder, Stephen F Traynelis and Chian-Ming Low

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:16

    Content type: Research

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  12. Deposition of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) is a major pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ is generated from γ-secretase cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP). In addition to APP, γ-secretase ...

    Authors: Ting Yang, Dilyara Arslanova, Yongli Gu, Corinne Augelli-Szafran and Weiming Xia

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:15

    Content type: Research

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  13. Ca2+-activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) participate in many important physiological processes. However, the lack of effective and selective blockers has hindered the study of these channels, mostly due to the lack of...

    Authors: Soo-Jin Oh, Jung Hwan Park, Sungyu Han, Jae Kyun Lee, Eun Joo Roh and C Justin Lee

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:14

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  14. Although long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic strength is very persistent, current studies have provided evidence that various manipulations or pharmacological treatment when applied shortly after LTP indu...

    Authors: Ying-Ching Liang, Chiung-Chun Huang and Kuei-Sen Hsu

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. In previous work, we investigated dieldrin cytotoxicity and signaling cell death mechanisms in dopaminergic PC12 cells. Dieldrin has been reported to be one of the environmental factors correlated with Parkins...

    Authors: Anumantha G Kanthasamy, Masashi Kitazawa, Yongjie Yang, Vellareddy Anantharam and Arthi Kanthasamy

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. Schizophrenia is a complex genetic disorder caused by multiple genetic and environmental factors. The dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 (DTNBP1: dysbindin-1) gene is a major susceptibility gene for schizophrenia....

    Authors: Keizo Takao, Keiko Toyama, Kazuo Nakanishi, Satoko Hattori, Hironori Takamura, Masatoshi Takeda, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa and Ryota Hashimoto

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Several myelin-associated factors that inhibit axon growth of mature neurons, including Nogo66, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp), can associate with a common ...

    Authors: Eyleen LK Goh, Ju Kim Young, Kenichiro Kuwako, Marc Tessier-Lavigne, Zhigang He, John W Griffin and Guo-li Ming

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampal CA1 region requires the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Studies using genetic and pharmacological approaches have reported inconsistent re...

    Authors: Xue-Han Zhang, Long-Jun Wu, Bo Gong, Ming Ren, Bao-Ming Li and Min Zhuo

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Calpastatin is an endogenous inhibitor of calpain, intracellular calcium-activated protease. It has been suggested to be involved in molecular mechanisms of long-term plasticity and excitotoxic pathways. Howev...

    Authors: Ryuichi Nakajima, Keizo Takao, Shu-Ming Huang, Jiro Takano, Nobuhisa Iwata, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa and Takaomi C Saido

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Elucidating the neural and genetic factors underlying psychiatric illness is hampered by current methods of clinical diagnosis. The identification and investigation of clinical endophenotypes may be one soluti...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Yamasaki, Motoko Maekawa, Katsunori Kobayashi, Yasushi Kajii, Jun Maeda, Miho Soma, Keizo Takao, Koichi Tanda, Koji Ohira, Keiko Toyama, Kouji Kanzaki, Kohji Fukunaga, Yusuke Sudo, Hiroshi Ichinose, Masashi Ikeda, Nakao Iwata…

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. We are delighted to announce the arrival of a brand new journal dedicated to the ever-expanding field of neuroscience. Molecular Brain is a peer-reviewed, open-access online journal that aims at publishing high q...

    Authors: Lin Mei, Kei Cho, C Justin Lee, Xiao-Jiang Li, Min Zhuo and Bong-Kiun Kaang

    Citation: Molecular Brain 2008 1:1

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

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