The effects of aLA on the mRNA expression of inflammatory markers in the cortex of rats 3 and 7 days after cerebral ischemia, as measured by RT-PCR analysis. (A) TNF-α mRNA expression. (B) MIP1 mRNA expression. (C) Iba-1 mRNA expression. (D) IL-1β mRNA expression. The expressions were normalized to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) levels and expressed as relative fold activation. Data represents mean ± SEM (n = 3 rats/day in aLA, control, and HNMPA groups, n = 1 rat/day in the sham group). *P < 0.05; †P < 0.01 as compared to the control.